|Global city cat.:||GaWC Gamma Global Cities|
|Population (city):||4,990,602 (2012) world: 27|
|Population (metro):||4,879,566 (2010)|
In Russian literature, the city played the role of the background in classic 19th-century novels, including those by Dostoyevsky, Tolstoi, and Gogol, all of whom lived in the city. Vladimir Nabokov was born and spent his childhood here. More recently, poet Joseph Brodsky, writers Sergey Dovlatov, and Arkady and Boris Strugatsky called St. Petersburg home. Few people know that Ayn Rand (aka Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum) also hails from the city.